page is under development.
Salient works include Sex Rights: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures
2002 (Oxford: Oxford Uni Press 2005) edited by Nicholas Bamforth.
Amnesty International reports include Crimes of Hate,
Conspiracy of Silence: Torture and Ill-treatment Based on
Sexual Identity (2001). Within Australia see in particular
the 2007 HREOC Same-Sex: Same Entitlements report.
It notes that 58 federal laws denied same-sex couples and
their children basic financial and work-related entitlements
available to opposite-sex couples and their children. Human
Rights Commissioner Graeme Innes commented that
discrimination is completely unfair. There are 58 federal
laws breaching the most fundamental of human rights
principles – non-discrimination, equality before the
law and the best interests of the child.
late 2008, when the Rudd government belatedly moved to address
that discrimination, Australian same-sex couples did not receive
the same entitlements in employment, workers' compensation,
veterans’ entitlements, health care subsidies, family
law, superannuation, aged care and immigration law as
their straight peers. They are, of course, still disadvantages
in terms of recognition of marriage.
In common use the 'age of consent' is the age - typically
identified by statute - at which a person can legally consent
to sexual activity. That age varies from nation to nation,
with law embodying gender stereotypes and perceptions of homosexuality,
disagreement about individual autonomy and privacy, values
regarding the familiy and family planning, and regulation
of sexuality as a mechanism for maintaining social hierarchies.
Salient works include Matthew Waites' The Age of Consent:
Young People, Sexuality, and Citizenship (New York: Palgrave
Macmillan 2005), Helmut Graupner's Sexualität, Jugendschutz
& Menschenrechte: uber das Recht von Kindern und Jugendlichen
auf Sexuelle Selbstbestimmung (Frankfurt: Peter Lang
1997), his 2000 'Sexual Consent: The Criminal Law in Europe
and Overseas' in 29 Archives of Sexual Behavior 5
(415-461), and Carolyn Cocca's Jailbait: The Politics
of Statutory Rape Laws in the United States (Albany:
State Uni of New York Press 2004).