This page considers major studies regarding online recruitment.
has been surprisingly little rigorous academic or government
publication regarding the online recruitment industry,
with media coverage accordingly offering an uncritical
view and frequently parrotting figures of uncertain validity
from major commercial research houses or particular recruitment
For an upbeat but superficial view of adoption by particular
US demographics see the Pew Internet and American Life
Project Online Job Hunting report (PDF).
There is a more nuanced treatment in Ben Anderson's 2004
Everyday research in the knowledge society: who uses
ICTs to find job and health information (PDF)
and Jan Schapper & Susan Mayson's 'The rhetoric and
reality of e-cruitment: Has the Internet really revolutionized
the recruitment process?' in Human Resource Management:
Challenges and Future Directions (Brisbane: Wiley
2003) edited by Ruth Wiesner & Bruce Millett.
Peter Kuhn & Mikal Skuterud coauthored several cogent
studies on the efficacy of online job search in the US,
including 'Job search methods: Internet versus traditional'
in 2000 Monthly Labor Review and 'Internet Job
Search and Unemployment Duration' in 2004 American
Economic Review (here),
with the latter concluding that "either Internet
job search is ineffective in reducing unemployment durations,
or Internet job searchers are negatively selected on unobservables".
The 2003 paper
In With the New, Out With the Old: Has the Technological
Revolution Eliminated the Traditional Job Search Process?
by David Van Rooy, Alexander Alonso & Zachary Fairchild
has a more positive view.
We have pointed to other works such as Mark Granovetter's
landmark Getting a job: a study of contacts and careers
(Cambridge: Harvard Uni Press 1974) and The Strength
of Weak Ties: A Network Theory Revisited (PDF)
in discussing social
software and 'equaintance' networks.
Print and online guides for job seekers, employers and
intermediaries abound. Many are of indifferent value and
for example repackage received wisdom about "how
to write a CV" or - in in an echo of early dot-com
primers - feature hyperbole about "winning a job
with your keyboard".
Two of the more prominent US works are Pam Dixon's Job
searching online for dummies (Foster City: IDG Books
1998) and Guide to Internet Job Searching, 2002-2003
by Margaret Dikel & Frances Roehm (New York: McGraw-Hill
A perceptive analysis of the matchmaking and bodyshopping
industry is provided in Gurus, Hired Guns, and Warm
Bodies: Itinerant Experts in a Knowledge Economy
(Princeton: Princeton Uni Press 2004) by Stephen Barley
& Gideon Kunda and Headhunters: Matchmaking in
the Labor Market (Ithaca: Cornell Uni Press 2003)
by William Finlay & James Coverdill.